The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, is the main law which regulates the use of vehicles along with the rules which must be followed in their usage and the punishments inflicted in the case of a violation.
The act is a part of civil law and was established due to the increasing number of vehicles on the streets along with either the frequency of occurrence of vehicular accidents. It empowers the police to punish and charge offenders according to the provisions of the Act. Moreover, it informs owners of motor vehicles of their rights on the street as well as off it. The motor vehicle act makes it mandatory for a driver to have a valid driving license, and no motor vehicle can be driven without being registered under the motor vehicle act.
This certificate of registration shall be valid for the next fifteen years from the date of registration and can be further renewed for the next five years.
The Motor Vehicles Amendment Act, 2017, was a significant upgrade in existing motor vehicle laws. It enforced body cams on traffic cops and RTO officials to check corruption and 7-year imprisonment instead of current two years for drink-driving deaths, mandatory 3rd party insurance for all vehicles, and stiffer penalties for traffic violations to reduce the accident rates