Employment law is the collection of laws and rules that regulate the relationship between an employer and employee. Employment laws govern when an employer can hire employees and when these employees can legally be allowed to work.
The laws cover what an employer must pay the employee for their work. They create minimum requirements for working conditions of the employees. They protect workers from exploitation of any kind, along with informing them of their rights and privileges.
Furthermore, It lays down the duties employees owe to the employer and the corporation, if any. The employer also has certain rights when it comes to hiring and firing. In the United States, the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 sets a federal minimum wage.
Many states also have minimum wage laws. States can’t make a lower minimum wage, but they can make the minimum wage higher than federal law requires. Different types of employees might have unique considerations. For example, employers who have employees that earn tips may be able to rely on tips to make up some of the employee’s minimum pay. Employees have the right to overtime pay.
The Fair Labor Standards Act says that an employer must pay time and a half for any hours that an hourly employee works over 40 hours per week. While there’s no maximum number of hours that an employee can work in a week, the employer must pay overtime for each hour that an employee works over 40 hours in a week. There’s no right to overtime for working on a Saturday or Sunday if the employee’s total hours stay under 40. There’s also no limit to the number of days that an employee can work in a week.
The United States has no requirement for paid medical leave. However, the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1963 says that large employers must offer up to 12 weeks of unpaid family leave. An employee can use family leave after the birth of a child or after an adoption. They can use it for their health problem or care for a spouse, child or parent who has a severe health condition.